New Ideas in Psychology

  • Affective semiosis and affective logic
    Publication date: January 2018
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 48

    Author(s): Luca Tateo

    Psychology values consistency, reduction of uncertainty, causality and continuity as normative aspects of mental life. Even though theories of dynamic equilibrium include phenomena of ruptures, homeostasis and tension as part of the psychological functioning, these are understood as momentary alterations of a condition that must be restored in order to maintain the integrity of the system. Yet in everyday life one can observe phenomena in which human beings constantly move ahead the conditions of living and the limits of what is somehow acceptable. Tension, ambivalence and uncertainty are part of existence and the most part of us can perfectly live with it, if not actively looking for it. Traditional logic underneath psychology cannot account for this meaning-making process. We then need to think about a specific form of affective logic that can enable us to understand extreme phenomena not as pathologies but as special forms of meaning-making. I will outline an affective semiosis process based on an affective logic, drawing from the ideas of Peirce’s semiotics, Meinong’s theory of objectives, Wittegenstein’s concept of “seeing-as”, Herbst’s co-genetic logic and Simmel’s complementarity between binding and unbinding.





  • The embodied simulation account of cognition in Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy
    Publication date: January 2018
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 48

    Author(s): Alexandru I. Tiba, Laura Manea

    Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) is built on a unique theory of cognitive vulnerability for emotional disorders that differentiates itself from other forms of cognitive behaviour therapy by several important features. In this article, we describe concepts from the embodied simulation framework on cognition with relevance to REBT and we argue that several distinctive features of REBT may benefit from clarification from an embodied perspective on the cognitive vulnerability to emotional disorders. We present important embodied cognition concepts from the position of grounded cognition and conceptual-act theory of emotions and discuss their implications for the biological foundation of irrational beliefs, the identity position on psychological interactionism, and the centrality of irrational beliefs for disturbed emotions. Finally, we describe the embodied simulation concepts in relation to the cognitive model of emotional disturbance in REBT and conclude by pointing to general implications for the treatment.





  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    Publication date: December 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 47









  • The prospects for fictionalist inquiry in psychology
    Publication date: December 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 47

    Author(s): William E. Smythe

    This paper undertakes a critical appraisal of the prospects for fictionalist inquiry in psychology, which runs contrary to the traditional dissociation between fiction and knowledge-laden discourse. Following a review of the contested boundary between fiction and nonfiction, a portrait of essential aspects of fiction emerges, which includes authorial warrant, imaginative prescription, and performative engagement. The paper then proceeds to outline fictionalism as a philosophical approach, with reference to early and more modern variants of the position. This leads to a little discussed epistemic position called the fictional stance, which is then developed and applied to various psychological domains including the psychology of fiction, the fictional constructions of psychology, and the narrative study of lives. The viewpoint that emerges sees the epistemic value of fictional thinking in the unique access it provides to intuitive powers of the psychological imagination and to non-conceptual understandings of psychological life.





  • Complexity-thinking and social science: Self-organization involving human consciousness
    Publication date: December 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 47

    Author(s): Stephen A. Sherblom

    Complexity-thinking refers to a cluster of concepts popularized in several branches of science, primarily in the physical sciences but increasingly in the social sciences. There is reason to be cautious regarding how the concepts are used across disciplines and branches of science. This paper discusses self-organization in dynamic systems, tracing its roots in social science and critiquing current usage of the term with regard to systems involving consciousness – humans and groups of humans. A brief sketch of the levels of complexity sets the groundwork for understanding the critique of self-organization to follow. I argue that consciousness fundamentally changes the terms of discussion in self-organization by adding a self/selves that is not equivalent to the system as a whole, but which directly influences what is organized, how, and toward what end. Self-organization in complex adaptive systems involving consciousness should be distinguished as self-cultivating self-organization and self-presenting self-organization.





  • Social strategies in self-deception
    Publication date: December 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 47

    Author(s): Roy Dings

    How do people deceive themselves? I argue that although self-deception tends to be conceptualized as something that happens ‘within an individual’, it can also be a process that is distributed across the social context of a self-deceiver. In this paper I will, first, conceptually distinguish different strategies of such ‘social self-deception’. Second, I will incorporate these into the two main conceptualizations of self-deception: intentionalism and deflationism. Finally, I will show how the proposed re-conceptualization of self-deception can be beneficial to conceptual, moral and empirical research.





  • Historical impact in psychology differs between demographic groups
    Publication date: December 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 47

    Author(s): Christopher D. Green, Shane M. Martin

    Psychology has a long tradition of creating lists of the most eminent members of the discipline. Such lists are typically created under the assumption that there is a general answer to the question of eminence, covering all psychologists everywhere. We wondered, however, to what degree perceived eminence depends on the individual’s particular demographic situation. Specifically, are different historical figures “eminent” to people of different genders, ages, and geographical locations? We tested this by asking a wide swath of people – mostly psychologists – who they think has had the most impact on the discipline of psychology, historically. We used an online game in which “players” were shown a series of pairs of significant figures from psychology’s past and asked to select which had had the greater impact. We then converted these selections into a ranked list using the Elo rating system. Although our overall rankings had considerable similarity with traditional efforts, we also found that rankings differed markedly among different demographic groups, undermining the assumption of a general measure of eminence that is valid for all.





  • From the banality of evil to the complicity of indifference: The effects on intergroup relationships
    Publication date: December 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 47

    Author(s): Stefano Passini

    As the analysis of historical intergroup conflicts has shown, support for unequal policies was not conveyed just by an uncritical obedience to authorities but also by an indifference towards other social groups. Indifference for others may indeed have a role of complicity in supporting discriminatory policies and arousing intergroup conflicts on par with the obedience to authority identified by the banality-of-evil thesis. In the present manuscript, the aim is to define such indifference and to consider which socio-psychological variables foster its rise, the consequences for intergroup dynamics, as well as the factors that contrast it and support tolerant and constructive intergroup relationships. In particular, indifferent people are characterized by conservative values, less blatant forms of submission to authority and subtle prejudicial attitudes. On the other side, the assumption of social responsibility, an inclusive morality and a more critical and constructive relationship with authority are all relevant factors in contrasting such intergroup indifference.





http://rss.sciencedirect.com/publication/science/0732118X

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