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New Ideas in Psychology

New Ideas in Psychology

  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    Publication date: April 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 45









  • Cognitive and movement measures reflect the transition to presence-at-hand
    Publication date: April 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 45

    Author(s): Dobromir Dotov, Lin Nie, Kevin Wojcik, Anastasia Jinks, Xiaoyu Yu, Anthony Chemero

    The phenomenological philosopher Martin Heidegger’s proposed transition from readiness-to-hand to presence-at-hand and the hypothesis of extended cognition were addressed empirically in an experiment on tool use. It involved a video game of steering erratically moving objects to a target while performing a secondary cognitive task. A strong perturbation of the hand-pointer linkage in the video game induced the transition from ready-to-hand to present-at-hand. In Experiment 1, this perturbation resulted in decreased motor performance and improved recall of task-irrelevant features. Experiment 2 replicated these results and addressed additional questions. Measures of movement variability based on the multifractal formalism confirmed the hypothesized decrease in functional integration of the tool during the perturbation. Dynamical interactions allow user and tool to act as a system. The tool is properly described as ready-to-hand during normal operation but as present-at-hand during perturbation. Physiological measures showed that the ready-to-hand to present-at-hand transition does not necessarily lead to a stress response.





  • Inviting affordances and agency
    Publication date: April 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 45

    Author(s): Rob Withagen, Duarte Araújo, Harjo J. de Poel

    Recently several authors have suggested that affordances are not mere possibilities for action but can also invite behavior. This reconceptualization of affordances asks for a reconsideration of the ecological approach to agency. After a portrayal of the role of agency in ecological psychology, we draw upon phenomenology to reveal what it means for an agent to be invited by affordances. We sketch a dynamical model of the animal-environment relationship that aims to do justice to this analysis. In the model, agency is conceptualized as the capacity to modulate the coupling strength with the environment—the agent can influence to what extent he or she is influenced by the different invitations. This account of agency keeps us far from the Cartesian idea that the agent imposes behavior. Indeed, by modulating the coupling strength, the agent simply alters the dynamics of the animal-environment interactions and thus the behavior that emerges.





  • Null hypothesis significance testing and Type I error: The domain problem
    Publication date: April 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 45

    Author(s): David Trafimow, Brian D. Earp

    Although many common uses of p-values for making statistical inferences in contemporary scientific research have been shown to be invalid, no one, to our knowledge, has adequately assessed the main original justification for their use, which is that they can help to control the Type I error rate (Neyman & Pearson, 1928, 1933). We address this issue head-on by asking a specific question: Across what domain, specifically, do we wish to control the Type I error rate? For example, do we wish to control it across all of science, across all of a specific discipline such as psychology, across a researcher’s active lifetime, across a substantive research area, across an experiment, or across a set of hypotheses? In attempting to answer these questions, we show that each one leads to troubling dilemmas wherein controlling the Type I error rate turns out to be inconsistent with other scientific desiderata. This inconsistency implies that we must make a choice. In our view, the other scientific desiderata are much more valuable than controlling the Type I error rate and so it is the latter, rather than the former, with which we must dispense. But by doing so—that is, by eliminating the Type I error justification for computing and using p-values—there is even less reason to believe that p is useful for validly rejecting null hypotheses than previous critics have suggested.





  • Emotion regulation, autobiographical memories and life narratives
    Publication date: April 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 45

    Author(s): Debora Pascuzzi, Andrea Smorti

    Few studies have examined the relationships between emotion regulation, autobiographical memory and autobiographical narrative despite evidence that suggests that these constructs are linked. The lack of research is likely ascribed to the specificity of the construct of emotion regulation. The present review examines this area of investigation and indicates two directions for the research: first, emotion regulation is considered to be an effect of autobiographical narratives; thus, individuals engage in the construction of a life story to regulate emotions. Second, emotion regulation is an ability that improves the processes of encoding and retrieving memories. The results of this research are presented, and the potential developments are discussed in terms of the relations among these three constructs.





  • Emmanuel Mounier and personalism: Contributions to personal and community life
    Publication date: April 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 45

    Author(s): Joseph Lee







  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    Publication date: January 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 44









  • Introduction to the special issue
    Publication date: January 2017
    Source:New Ideas in Psychology, Volume 44









http://rss.sciencedirect.com/publication/science/0732118X

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