Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice

  • Conflict in the kitchen: Temporal diversity and temporal disagreements in chef teams.
    Time-related dispositions of members are potentially crucial in teams and are likely to have important implications for team processes. In support, this study found that a mix of time-urgent and time-patient as well as monochronic and polychronic members in chef teams at a culinary college heightened disagreements over how temporal resources should be allocated. In addition, conscientiousness moderated the relationship between polychronicity diversity and temporal conflict such that low mean conscientiousness exacerbated the temporal conflict experienced by high-polychronicity diversity teams. In addition, a negative indirect effect of polychronicity diversity on team performance, through temporal conflict, was found when conscientiousness was lower. Study results provide support for the continued examination of temporal diversity and temporal conflict in teams. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
  • Intergroup contact and contact norms as predictors of postconflict forgiveness.
    The aim of this research was to examine the pathway to intergroup forgiveness in postconflict contexts from the framework of improved intergroup relations and with an emphasis on identifying context-specific variables. Two studies investigated the relationship between intergroup contact and ingroup contact norms, and postconflict forgiveness. In the context of Anglo-German post-WWII relations, Study 1 provided evidence that intergroup anxiety and common ingroup identity were significantly predicted by positive intergroup contact and ingroup norms, which then predicted forgiveness of the German outgroup for wartime actions. Accordingly, focusing on Greek and Turkish Cypriot relations in Cyprus the results of Study 2 showed that positive contact with Greek Cypriots and ingroup contact norms were related to decreased intergroup anxiety and dehumanization, which in turn were associated with increased forgiveness. The results are discussed in the context of intergroup relations and postconflict resolution. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
  • Examining the relationship between group member gender, gender composition, and outcomes of weight management therapy groups.
    Presently there is a lack of evidence regarding the impact of gender composition of mixed-gender weight management therapy groups on members’ posttreatment outcomes. As such, the current study tested the association between the gender composition of mixed-gender narrative therapy groups for weight management and members’ posttreatment outcomes. Specifically, we examined the variability in group members’ adjusted posttreatment psychological (Outcome Questionnaire-45 [OQ-45]) and obesity-related (Obesity Related Well-Being [ORWELL 97]) symptoms as a function of the quadratic proportion of female members in a group, and the interaction between group member gender and the quadratic proportion of female group members. Pre- and posttreatment OQ-45 and ORWELL 97 data was collected from 32 men and 67 women participating in 15 short-term weight-management therapy groups. Results indicated that the quadratic proportion of female group members was significantly related to adjusted posttreatment OQ-45 scores, such that group members reported fewer psychological symptoms at posttreatment in more proportionally balanced groups of men and women. This relationship was not significant for adjusted posttreatment ORWELL 97 scores. Additionally, in an exploratory analysis we found a significant interaction between group member gender, the proportion of female group members, and group members’ adjusted posttreatment OQ-45 scores, indicating that the relationship between gender composition and adjusted posttreatment OQ-45 scores was stronger for men than women. These preliminary findings suggest that the gender composition of weight management groups is an important factor in group members’ posttreatment psychological outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
  • Expecting the unexpected: Using team charters to handle disruptions and facilitate team performance.
    Teams are increasingly relied on to manage and adapt to a changing world. Previous studies have found adaptive teams to be less susceptible to disruptive events. In this study, we test whether or not the development of a team charter 2 weeks prior to a given task increases a team’s ability to adapt to disruptions and overall performance. We find that teams that develop team charters are better able to handle disruptive events, which in turn increases their performance. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)


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