Educational Research Review

  • A meta-analysis of how signaling affects learning with media
    Publication date: February 2018
    Source:Educational Research Review, Volume 23

    Author(s): Sascha Schneider, Maik Beege, Steve Nebel, Günter Daniel Rey

    The signaling effect states that learners profit from cues that highlight the organization of specific relevant information within materials. This meta-analysis includes 103 studies and N = 12,201 participants. 139 retention and 70 transfer performance measures were used to determine separate mean effect sizes. Cognitive load, motivation/affect, learning time, and eye-tracking data were included as dependent variables to explain possible effect mechanisms. Additionally, nine possible moderators (e.g., type of signaling) were identified. The retention (g+ = 0.53, 95% CI [0.42, 0.64]) and transfer (g+ = 0.33, 95% CI [0.22, 0.43]) sizes support the positive effect of signaling on motivation/affect, learning time, and learning-relevant fixations. Cognitive load was significantly reduced. In contrast to the expertise reversal effect hypothesis, prior knowledge was not identified as a moderator of the signaling effect. The results were interpreted using media learning theories. Recommendations for future studies are included herein.





  • Teachers’ beliefs about creativity and its nurture: A systematic review of the recent research literature
    Publication date: Available online 2 November 2017
    Source:Educational Research Review

    Author(s): Enikő Orsolya Bereczki, Andrea Kárpáti

    The successful implementation of creativity in education is largely dependent on teachers’ own beliefs about creativity, which has been investigated extensively in the past 25 years. With the growing emphasis of creativity in education, teachers today might not hold the same beliefs highlighted by earlier research. The current systematic literature review sought to identify, describe, appraise and synthesize the most rigorously available recent empirical evidence base on in-service K-12 teachers’ beliefs about creativity. 53 studies published between 2010 and 2015 were included in the review. Findings suggest that teachers hold several beliefs that enable and numerous that hinder creativity development in schools. The review also highlighted recurrent incongruence between teachers’ positive or adequate beliefs and their enacted classroom practices. Finally, several contextual, student- and teacher-related factors were identified as influencing teachers’ beliefs about creativity. Overall, teachers’ beliefs were found to be heavily context-dependent. Implications for policy, practice and research are discussed.





  • Editorial Board / Publication Information
    Publication date: November 2017
    Source:Educational Research Review, Volume 22









  • Four key challenges to the design of blended learning: A systematic literature review
    Publication date: November 2017
    Source:Educational Research Review, Volume 22

    Author(s): Ruth Boelens, Bram De Wever, Michiel Voet

    The design of blended learning environments brings with it four key challenges: (1) incorporating flexibility, (2) stimulating interaction, (3) facilitating students’ learning processes, and (4) fostering an affective learning climate. Seeing that attempts to resolve these challenges are fragmented across the literature, a systematic review was performed. Starting from 640 sources, 20 studies on the design of blended learning environments were selected through a staged procedure based on the guidelines of the PRISMA statement, using predefined selection criteria. For each study, the instructional activities for dealing with these four challenges were analyzed by two coders. The results show that few studies offer learners control over the realization of the blend. Social interaction is generally stimulated through introductory face-to-face meetings, while personalization and monitoring of students’ learning progress is commonly organized through online instructional activities. Finally, little attention is paid to instructional activities that foster an affective learning climate.





  • Technology-enhanced mathematics instruction: A second-order meta-analysis of 30 years of research
    Publication date: November 2017
    Source:Educational Research Review, Volume 22

    Author(s): Jamaal Young

    It is important to assess the cumulative effects of technology on student achievement captured in the last 30 years of technologyenhanced mathematics instruction. Synthesizing the thousands of articles and gray literature on this subject is necessary but would require a considerable commitment of academic resources. A second-order metaanalysis or meta-analysis of meta-analyses is an alternative that is reasonable and effective. Thus, a second-order meta-analysis of 19 prior meta-analyses with minimum overlap between primary studies was conducted. The results represent 663 primary studies (approximately 141,733 participants) and 1,263 effect sizes. The random effects’ mean effect size of .38 was statistically significantly different from zero. The results provide a historical and contextualized summary of 30 years of meta-analytic research, which supports meta-analytic thinking and better interpretation of future effect sizes. Results indicate that technology function and study quality are major contributors to effect size variation. Specifically, computation enhancement technologies were most effective, while studies that examine combinations of enhancements were least effective. Implications for technology-enhanced mathematics instruction and meta-analytic research are provided.





  • Researchers under the spell of the arts: Two decades of using arts-based methods in community-based inquiry with vulnerable populations
    Publication date: November 2017
    Source:Educational Research Review, Volume 22

    Author(s): Sara Coemans, Karin Hannes

    In the last decade, we have witnessed a growing number of published articles featuring arts-based methods. These methods have been picked up by researchers interested in education in, through and for communities. This scoping review focuses on the use of arts-based methods in community-based research. It was undertaken to provide an overview of how these methods are applied in research practice. Different databases were systematically searched, covering literature published over twenty years (1993–2013). We identified different types of arts-based methods. We described the reported rationales, benefits and limitations, and presented a definition of arts-based methods as used in community-based inquiry. Four challenges were reported: the need to support researchers to explore alternative analytical approaches, the need for methodological reflections, the need to reflect on the voice-component in this work, and the need to push the boundaries of what counts as ‘the’ academic standard. Despite the challenges involved in working on the thin line between art and research, the learning curve it creates for researchers, its value in terms of creating understanding and its capacity to engage participants makes it a worthwhile endeavor to invest in.





  • Toward a set of design principles for mathematics flipped classrooms: A synthesis of research in mathematics education
    Publication date: November 2017
    Source:Educational Research Review, Volume 22

    Author(s): Chung Kwan Lo, Khe Foon Hew, Gaowei Chen

    This paper analyzed the journal publications of mathematics flipped classroom studies in K-12 and higher education contexts. We focused specifically on a set of flipped classroom studies in which pre-class instructional videos were provided prior to face-to-face class meetings. We examined the following four major issues: (a) the types of out-of-class and in-class instructional activities used, (b) the effect of flipped learning on student achievement, (c) the participant perceptions of flipped classroom benefits, and (d) the main challenges of flipped classroom implementations. A meta-analysis of 21 comparison studies showed an overall significant effect in favor of the flipped classroom over the traditional classroom for mathematics education (Hedges’ g = 0.298, 95% CI [0.16, 0.44]), with no evidence of publication bias. A broader research synthesis of 61 studies revealed that the flipped classroom approach benefited student learning in three main aspects: increasing in-class time for task/practice, integrating new knowledge with existing beliefs, and real-time feedback. The two most frequently reported flipped classroom challenges were students’ unfamiliarity with flipped learning and significant start-up effort on the part of instructors. We hence propose a set of design principles to help foster the transition to the flipped classroom and improve the out-of-class and in-class learning designs. This set of design principles can also provide a more focused agenda for future research to examine the effect of the flipped classroom approach on student learning and motivation.





  • Effects of self-assessment on self-regulated learning and self-efficacy: Four meta-analyses
    Publication date: November 2017
    Source:Educational Research Review, Volume 22

    Author(s): Ernesto Panadero, Anders Jonsson, Juan Botella

    This meta-analytic review explores the effects of self-assessment on students’ self-regulated learning (SRL) and self-efficacy. A total of 19 studies were included in the four different meta-analyses conducted with a total sample of 2305 students. The effects sizes from the three meta-analyses addressing effects on different measures of SRL were 0.23, 0.65, and 0.43. The effect size from the meta-analysis on self-efficacy was 0.73. In addition, it was found that gender (with girls benefiting more) and certain self-assessment components (such as self-monitoring) were significant moderators of the effects on self-efficacy. These results point to the importance of self-assessment interventions to promote students’ use of learning strategies and its effects on motivational variables such as self-efficacy.





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